Two Isostructural URJC-4 Materials: From Hydrogen Physisorption to Heterogeneous Reductive Amination through Hydrogen Molecule Activation at Low Pressure, H. Montes-Andrés, P. Leo, A. Muñoz, A. Rodríguez-Diéguez, G. Orcajo, D. Choquesillo-Lazarte, C. Martos, F. Martínez, J. A. Botas, G. Calleja, Inorg. Chem., 59, 21, 15733–15740, 2020, Online version,  https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c02127

Abstract

Herein, two novel isostructural metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) M-URJC-4 (M = Co, Ni; URJC = “Universidad Rey Juan Carlos”) with open metal sites, permanent microposity, and large surface areas and pore volumes have been developed. These novel MOFs, with polyhedral morphology, crystallize in the monoclinic P21/c space group, exhibiting a three-dimensional structure with microporous channels along the c axis. Initially, they were fully characterized and tested in hydrogen (H2) adsorption at different conditions of temperature and pressure. The physisorption capacities of both materials surpassed the gravimetric H2 uptake shown by most MOF materials under the same conditions. On the basis of the outstanding adsorption properties, the Ni-URJC-4 material was used as a catalyst in a one-pot reductive amination reaction using various carbonyl compounds and primary amines. A possible chemical pathway to obtain secondary amines was proposed via imine formation, and remarkable performances were accomplished. This work evidences the dual ability of M-URJC-4 materials to be used as a H2 adsorbent and a catalyst in reductive amination reactions, activating molecular H2 at low pressures for the reduction of C═N double bonds and providing reference structural features for the design of new versatile heterogeneous materials for industrial application.