Thermochemical Energy Storage using the phase transitions Brownmillerite-2H perovskite – Cubic perovskite in the CaxSr1-xCoO3-δ (x = 0 and 0.5) system, M. T. Azcondo, M. Orfila, M. Linares, R. Molina, J. Marugán, U. Amador, K. Boulahya, J. A. Botas, R. Sanz, ACS Applied Energy Materials, 4 (8), 7870-7881, 2021, Online version,  https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsaem.1c01235

Abstract
The oxides Ca0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ and SrCoO3−δ, which present perovskite or perovskite-related phases in different temperature domains, have been tested as materials for thermochemical energy storage. The first one, Ca0.5Sr0.5CoO3−δ, experiences a reversible phase transition upon consecutive cycles under an airflow at a maximum operating temperature of 1196 K. Unfortunately, the heat stored in this process, associated with an oxygen loss/gain and a structural phase transition, is very small, hindering its use for thermochemical heat storage. The as-prepared oxide SrCoO3−δ, which displays a brownmillerite structure like the Ca-containing compound, in the first heating step irreversibly segregates some Co3O4 at 823 K to yield a 2H hexagonal perovskite. This phase reversibly transforms at 1073 K into a cubic perovskite. These 2H ⇄ C transitions occur from the 2nd to, at least, 30th cycle. The average absorbed and released heat is ∼104.1 ± 0.06 and ∼68.8 ± 1.8 J/g, respectively, and therefore, SrCoO3−δ presents a high exo/endo ratio. The exergy efficiency is, on average for the 30 cycles performed, as high as 63.9 ± 1.2%. The mechanism of the phase 2H ⇄ C transition of SrCoO3−δ explains the good performance of this material for thermochemical energy storage.